Trump’s Immigration Plan, Beyond the Wall
A quick review of Donald Trump’s plan for immigration involves proposals for enforcement beyond simply having Mexico pay for a new wall.
For instance, his plan would make the use of “E-verify” nationwide. Presently, E-verify is available for employers to use voluntarily to confirm the identity and the employment eligibility of workers. Because unauthorized employment can result in significant fines to employers, E-verify is a valuable resource to employers in industries that employ foreign nationals on a large scale. E-Verify is an Internet-based system that compares information from an employee’s Form I-9, Employment Eligibility Verification, to data from U.S. Department of Homeland Security and Social Security Administration records to confirm employment eligibility.
In terms of general enforcement efforts, Trump calls for the return of all criminal aliens to their home countries, and sanctions against countries who refuse to accept them. Aliens apprehended crossing the border must be detained until they are sent home, no more catch-and-release. A tracking system should be developed for visitor visas, and those who overstay should face a criminal charge.
Trump would propose to end birthright citizenship and would end Federal funding of sanctuary cities. He would involve ICE officials in the crackdown of gangs to deport alien members of criminal gangs, such as MS-13.
As to employment of aliens and the effects on the economy, Trump proposes limiting the number of unskilled workers who compete with minorities for jobs in this country. Instead, he would limit the issuance of J-1 visas and develop a jobs program for inner city youth. As for workers in specialty occupations, those with advance degrees, he wants a higher prevailing wage to discourage large employers, such as Disney, from the preferential hiring of foreign workers as a cost-saving tool.
As for public benefit eligibility, Trump proposes to require that all visa applicants be able to certify that they will not require taxpayer assistance during their visit. He would cut back on funding the process for admitting refugees and asylum seekers, and use the funds to benefit inner city youth in high-crime neighborhoods.
Many of Trumps proposals would require an act of Congress, not just an Executive Order. In terms of the politics, it would probably be considered a conservative proposal that contains ideas attractive to progressives who should favor increasing the employment opportunities of youth and minorities in inner cities.